Microsoft online support of Windows Vista was discontinued on 11th April 2017, This means no further updates and bug fixes will be downloaded automatically. However this does not mean you cannot continue to use Vista. If you are dual booting with Linux you can use a more up to date browser than is available under Windows Vista.
For this to work you should first install Wing panel.
The text is too small to read on the screen. How do I make it larger?
This method is now outdated. New method is to install OS Elementary Tweak. Above method will still work for other distros.
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:versable/elementary-update sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install elementary-tweaks
After you can find it in System settings -> Tweaks
If you like the OS elementary luna, but you would rather have a more fully-featured version of Ubuntu, then you can install Xubuntu and add the OS elementary window manager. This includes the “plank” known on other distros as the dock.
OS Elementary is currently based on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS, if you are using any other version, then this may or may not work.
You need to open a terminal and enter the following commands:
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:elementary-os/stable
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install gala dconf-tools plank switchboard switchboard-plug-pantheon-shell
What’s in this repository is here: https://launchpad.net/~elementary-os/+archive/stable
You can add the midori browser to most distros:
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:midori/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install midori
Midori does not play YouTube videos qv.
cp /etc/xdg/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-session.xml ~/.config/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-session.xml
Method 1: You need to use a editor,in this example "leafpad", but you could use gedit, to replace the instance of “xfwm4″ with “gala”. Logout and log back in again.
leafpad ~/.config/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml/xfce4-session.xmlMethod 2: (if the first method doesn't work) add "gala --replace" to application autostart.
To auto-start gala add it in “Application Autostart” under “Session and Startup” of XFCE Settings.So the entry says "gala --replace" (You can no longer change the theme through dconf so get the ppa for the tweak tool) sudo apt-add-repository ppa:versable/elementary-update && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install elementary-tweaks (Copy and paste all the above on one line)
Can I revert back to xfce? Just reverse Method 1 above, and replace “gala” with “xfcwm4”
To auto-start Plank just add it in “Application Autostart” under “Session and Startup” of XFCE Settings.
How to fix window manager crash
Original Post (now out-of-date)
The procedure is:
- Make sure you have restore CDs for your Windows installation.
- If you have not got them, find them or create new ones before going any further.
- Download the Elementary OS luna image file.
- Choose the amd 64 version if you have a modern laptop (bought after circa 2006)
- If you have an older laptop, you will need the 32 bit 386 version
- If you don’t know whether to download the 32 or 64 bit version, boot the machine with any Linux live CD, and in the terminal, type: lscpu, and it will say Architecture: x86_64 CPU op-mode(s): 32-bit, 64-bit
- Make the image you downloaded into a real CD.
- In M$ Windows, Navigate to Control Panel>System and Maintenance>Administrative Tools>Create and Format Hard Disk Partitions
- Right-click on either your “C” or “D” partition and choose “Shrink Volume”
- The result will be an area of “unallocated space”. This needs to be at least 5 gig. I would make it at least 10 gig for good measure. You can make it more than this if your HD has sufficient free space, but I would not make it larger than 10gig for this first initial test.
- Set your machine to boot from the CD.
- Reboot the machine with the Elementary OS install CD in the drive.
- Elementary OS should now boot up okay.
- Use the “network” icon on the top right hand of the screen (between the “sound” and the “battery” indicator) to connect to your WiFi.
- Run the installer. It will ask you if you want to wipe out your windows installation. Do not click this option under any circumstances.
- Choose “something else” in the installer, and select the “unallocated space” you just created.
- If you are not sure of what you are doing, cancel the installation, and watch a Youtube video on the subject.
- Create a new partition in this unallocated space.
- You can now set the installer to format this new partition.
- If you are happy everything is correct, proceed with the installation.
- The installer will ask you which drive for bootloader installation. Choose the partition you are installing Linux onto. If you choose your Windows partition, it will install the grub menu there, and you don’t want it to do this if you are on Windows Vista or later.
- When the install is finished the machine will eject the CD from the drive and ask you to press any key to reboot.
- At this stage, change your default boot option to boot from the Hard Drive. This prevents accidental re-booting of any live CD you happen to leave in your drive.
- The machine will now reboot, and you will be back in Windows as normal.
- Now, here comes the cunning part. You need to add an entry to the Windows boot screen so that there is an option for Linux.
- An easy way to do this is to use EasyBCD which is available from http://neosmart.net/EasyBCD/
- Download and install EasyBCD, and choose “neosmart linux”. Add an entry which selects your linux partition.
- Reboot the machine. If it doesn’t work, go back to EasyBCD, delete the entry, and try another setting. The Neosmart Linux setting definitely works.
- Last but not least, if you get stuck, there is a program called Easus Partition Master which will allow you to view and modify the partions on your laptop.
I have been trying various versions of linux on Virtual Box. The one that comes out on top is….
You’ve guessed it – Ubuntu!
If you are thinking of trying Ubuntu on Virtual Box, remember you have to get the “Server” version of Ubuntu. This is currently version 10.01.
The Server version does not include Ubuntu Desktop. You have to install it manually from the Konsole, by typing “sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop”
After that has installed, you have to type “reboot” to get things going.
You can attach printers, memory sticks etc., by using the “Devices” menu on Virtual Box. The device has to be “attached” before you start Ubuntu. You can save to the memory stick if you see it on the Ubuntu Desktop. You have to release the device, using the “Devices” menu, before Windows can access the device. Once you release the device from the emulated environment, you can’t get it back, unless you re-start.
First steps in Ubuntu
Hot tip: If you overwrite your windows Master Boot Record and cannot boot into Windows, use “Partition Wizard Home Edition Windows Bootable CD”. Method, boot from this CD, and select “repair MBR”
Hot tip: If you overwrite your GRUB loader by re-installing Windows, repair by booting from the Ubuntu live CD. Then start a BASH (Konsole) session:
Full instructions here:
If this link is dead, here is a summary.
How to restore the Ubuntu grub bootloader (9.10 and beyond)
First you need to find out what your drives are called. You can do this by going to a terminal and typing:
sudo fdisk -l
You will get something like this:
From that you need to find the device name of your Ubuntu drive, something like “/dev/sda5″.
So, still in the terminal, type:
sudo mkdir /media/sda5 sudo mount /dev/sda5 /media/sda5
And then, to reinstall the grub:
sudo grub-install --root-directory=/media/sda5 /dev/sda
Push enter and you’re done! Of course you need to replace “/dev/sda5″ and “/dev/sda” with what you found in the fdisk output.
EasyBCD is not compatible with Windows Vista.
Note you must open an command prompt as an administrator, navigate to the Portable_Ubuntu directory and
Type this: colinux-daemon –install-driver and hit the enter key.
If you do not do this, then when you click on the run_portable_ubuntu batch file, it will not work!
Then you have to type the following commands to update Ubuntu:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
I have had a perpetually revolving blue doughnut in Virtual Box. Had to do a force quit through the task manager. Now testing Ubuntu portable.